History of the Transylvania Colony

The colony's government only held official powers for just over a year and a half with a population that had multiplied 10x to over several thousand with pioneer settlers coming via the Wilderness Road and by the Ohio River from as far away as New York and Massachusetts during the Revolutionary War. The independent colony continued for almost three years until the Colony of Virginia declared the territory their own and voided the Transylvania Company's claim, settling the matter with the consolation of a 12 square mile tract of land for the original investors in what is know as Henderson County in Kentucky today.

First Democratic Free Country in North America

The establishment of the Transylvania Colony represents the first great act of democracy in North America and resulted in an exemplary civil order that became known as the Kentucky Magna Charta which was as an idea incorporated into the Declaration of Independence the following year and directly in the Articles of Confederation in 1781 resulting in the U.S. Constitution in 1787.

The establishment of the colony and work of the Transylvania Company was based in great honor and dignity, it engaged diplomatic negotiation, goodwill, and respected customary international law treating the native Americans with equity and goodwill under the rule of law, who the Transylvania Company's founder Colonel Richard Henderson recognized as the sovereign legal owners and inhabitants of the territory.

The Transylvanians were a peaceful and law abiding civilian establishment much unlike the governments of North Carolina and Virginia at the time, which simply claimed it as their own, notwithstanding any recognition of the sovereignty or rights of the natives. The government of the United States later developed the Westward expansion movement resulting in the displacement of native Americans. Their right under the concept of Manifest Destiny which justified and resulted in some of the greatest violations of human rights and common law in the name of God and the united country.

The name behind the ideal of the colony represents the other side of the forest or mountain range which were called the Alleghenies at the time, today referred to as the Appalachian Mountains.

Importance of History

History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. Events occurring before the invention of writing systems are considered prehistory. "History" is a term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Historians place the past in context using historical sources such as written documents, oral accounts, ecological markers, and material objects including art and artifacts.

History also includes the academic discipline which uses narrative to describe, examine, question, and analyze a sequence of past events, investigate the patterns of cause and effect that are related to them. Historians seek to understand and represent the past through narratives. They often debate which narrative best explains an event, as well as the significance of different causes and effects. Historians also debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.

Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources, are usually classified as cultural heritage, legends, folklore and propaganda. History differs from myth in that it is supported by evidence. However, ancient influences have helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematic elements of historical investigation.

History is important, its facts provide us with the data that is used to create laws, or theories about various aspects of society. It is essential in creating order by connecting noteworthy people and events to establish standards of a viable civilization.

Noteworthy People and Honorable Acts

The activities that occurred between 1769-1778, the accountancy of those acts by John Filson the father of Kentucky's history in 1784 resulted in the creation of the Most Honorable Order of the Transylvania Colonel based on the same. Among the ideas responsible for the development of the order include:

  • Daniel Boone's Experiences from 1769-1774

  • Formation of the Louisa Company (Transylvania Company) Richard Henderson, John Williams, Thomas Hart, Nathaniel Hart, David Hart, John Luttrell, Leonard H. Bullock, James Hogg, and William Johnson.

  • Meeting with the Cherokee

  • Establishment of the Great Grant Deed

  • Chartering the Wilderness Road

  • Establishment of Boonesborough

  • Founding of the Transylvania Colony

  • Constitutional Government by the People of the Country

  • Government Sells Land to Settlers, Colonels Issue Deeds

  • Col. James Hogg, Proprietor of Transylvania Company is Disappointed in Philadelphia

  • Ceding to the Colony of Virginia in the creation of Kentucky County in 1777-1779

  • Transylvanians are Commissioned as Colonels by Governor Patrick Henry Jr.

  • First Colonel to establish Virginia Government in Kentucky County Lexington, John Bowman

  • Stopping at Boonesborough on August 1, 1777 and Logan's Fort on August 26 before finally arriving at Harrodsburg on September 2. Immediately after his arrival, he was elected a presiding judge in the first court of quarter sessions held at Fort Harrod and included Richard Callaway, John Floyd, John Todd and sheriff Benjamin Logan on September 2, 1777.

  • Governors, Generals, Colonels issue Warrant Deeds to Revolutionary War Veterans as Honorary Colonels

  • Kentucky County Subdivided by Transylvania Colonels, Daniel Boone, James Harrod

  • Original Transylvanians Spread Out and establish Lexington in Virginia

  • Boone Kentucky's First Horse Breeder (Thoroughbreds)

  • Honorary Colonels Commissioned with Warrant Deeds for Land

  • Colonels and make Whiskey (Bourbon)

  • Transylvanians Joins in Kentucky's Formation 1782-1785 Former Kentucky County now 9 Counties

  • Col. Isaac Shelby Transylvanian elected unanimously as First Governor of Kentucky in 1792

Author John Filson's Map of the Country of Kentucke 1784